The EU manages the fisheries resources and the European fishing fleets through the common fisheries policy (CFP). The CFP relies on scientific advice that builds on reliable and solid data collection: Article 2 and 25 of the CFP outline the objectives and the requirements for data collection in the fisheries sector.

The European Commission helps Member States to collect data with financial support under shared management of structural funds (between the Member State and the European Commission through operational programmes) and under direct management (through projects coordinated directly by the European Commission, such as grants).